Nighthawk (Marvel)(01 - Kyle Richmond)
Real Name: Kyle Richmond
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Nighthawk has increased strength by night. He has a jetpack and artificial wings that allows for flight. He can shoot lasers from his wings, and the wings can be used as a bombproof shield. He has titanium claws on his gloves and his visor gives him infrared and telescopic vision.
Kyle Richmond lived a privileged life of luxury, making him spoiled, irresponsible, and insubordinate. His irresponsibility led to tragedy, however, when he drove drunk and caused an accident that killed his girlfriend. He sought refuge in being drafted for the army, but he was rejected when a physical revealed he had a heart murmur. He threw himself into his life of luxury, all the while secretly searching for a cure. Finding a mysterious formula in an ancient book, Kyle re-created and drank it, discovering his body gained superhuman powers, but only at night.
The Grandmaster immediately appeared, revealing that it was he who arranged for Kyle to find the formula. The Grandmaster then had him take the identity of Nighthawk in order to form the Squadron Sinister and fight the Avengers, who themselves were pawns of the Grandmaster's opponent, Kang the Conqueror. Although the Squadron was defeated, the Grandmaster kept his word and returned Kyle and the others to Earth with their powers. Kyle continued to use his Nighthawk identity for idle amusement, running into conflict with Daredevil.
A few months later, he and the other members of the Squadron Sinister were hired by the alien geographer, Nebulon. Nebulon and the Squadron Sinister tried to melt the polar ice caps, but Nighthawk grew uncomfortable with the situation and, acting responsibly for the first time in his life, he contacted the Defenders to help defeat the Squadron. In the conflict, Nighthawk threw himself in front of Nebulon's laser cannon, stopping the plot at the risk of his life. Doctor Strange cast a spell to revive Nighthawk, and Kyle became an associate of the team.
Nighthawk found a new sense of purpose as a member of the Defenders. He updated his costume with a jet-powered glider and turned his private riding academy into a team headquarters. He even became a de facto leader of the group, serving faithfully except for a brief period when he retired his identity to deal with an IRS investigation. Later, after stopping the demonic Six-Fingered Hand, the spell Doctor Strange had used to revive Nighthawk was disrupted. Kyle found himself completely paralyzed during the day, having his superpowers and full mobility only at night.
Kyle tried to return to college, where he found his former girlfriend, Mindy Williams, had not died during their earlier accident but was severely crippled. Mindy was, in fact, a telepath, and she tried to gain revenge on Nighthawk, who was saved with the help of Spider-Man. Soon after, Nighthawk learned Mindy was an unwilling tool of August Masters, a super-patriot who hoped to use the collective psychic might of Mindy and other telepaths to attack the Soviet Union. He contacted the Defenders to help defeat masters, although it was the six telepaths, funneling their collective power into Nighthawk, that were able to destroy the complex. Although the Defenders escaped, Kyle, the telepaths, and Masters were all inside when it exploded.
Kyle was hospitalized and believed dead, but it was soon discovered he was in fact in a coma, when he recuperated faster when blocked from the sun's rays during the day. During his time in a coma, Kyle was approached by an angelic being that told Nighhawk his role on Earth was far from over. When Kyle awoke, he possessed a special psychic vision that allowed him to perceive evil deeds before they would occur, and Nighthawk resumed his crime-fighting career by taking a proactive approach to defeat crime before it happened. This crusade, however, had all the seeming of a costumed man beating up innocent people, and Daredevil, rightfully concerned, confronted Nighthawk. Although Nighthawk tried to recruit Daredevil, both were killed in a subsequent conflict. In fact, this was all according to Mephisto's plan, who had posed as the angel giving Nighthawk his new vision and purpose, knowing that Kyle was on his way to a better afterlife and was determined to stop him. Nighthawk, by force of will, dragged Daredevil with him physically out of hell and back into the land of the living, thwarting Mephisto's plans.
Kyle sought help from Papa Hagg to remove Mephisto's influence, and he kept his Nighthawk costume at the ready. Finally, after a long hiatus, the Defenders were reunited after his former teammate Hellcat brought the original founders together to defeat Yandroth the Magician. As a result of the battle, several of the Defenders were cursed to continually band together, and Nighthawk and the remaining Defenders elected to stay together as a team to support them. Nighthawk, in particular, was thrilled to once again be a part of the team. He had Papa Hagg magically transport the support Defenders whenever the core team would be cursed to appear at a trouble spot. However, as part of the curse, the core Defenders found themselves distancing themselves from humanity. They finally struck upon the idea that in order to have peace, they would enforce it by ruling the world. Nighthawk and the support Defenders organized a team to defeat the so-called Order, after which the Defenders were freed from their curse but disbanded once again.
Recently, Nighthawk began to notice that his superhuman powers were steadily increasing. About the same time, a division of Richmond Enterprises was robbed by former Squadron member Speed Demon, prompting Nighthawk to seek him out. Speed Demon was actually performing robberies in order to fund his new team, the Thunderbolts. Nighthawk confronted Speed Demon, but they were in turn confronted by a revived Squadron Sinister, who took Nighthawk and Speed Demon away with them. The Squadron hoped to take over the world in order to better solve the world's problems, but they were stopped by the Thunderbolts. Speed Demon hoped to trick the Squadron into thinking he would help them, but he turned on them, helping the Thunderbolts force them to escape. Nevertheless, Songbird ultimately kicked Speed Demon out of the Thunderbolts because of his previous robberies, claiming that what the Thunderbolts needed more were members whose hearts were behind their efforts to reform. She then invited Nighthawk to join them, and he agreed. However, it wasn't long before the Thunderbolts were rejoined by Baron Zemo, and Nighthawk decided to quit rather than work with the former criminal. (It was also revealed that Songbird only wanted Nighthawk as a member to help fund the team.)
Nighthawk returned to the Squadron Sinister, who preferred to be called Supreme Power, finding them again recruited by the Grandmaster. This time, the Grandmaster claimed that the stakes of the game would affect the entire universe, and he hoped to use the Squadron to find the Wellspring of Power, from which he drew upon to grant the Squadron their abilities.
During the superhero Civil War over the Superhuman Registration Act, Nighthawk started off by joining Captain America's opposition group. However, he switched sides following the death of Goliath (Bill Foster). At the end of the Civil War, he joined the 50-State Initiative and went to Camp Hammond.
First Appearance: The Avengers (1963) #69
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View a chronological listing of this character's appearances
#21 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2006)
- 'The Underneath - Part 6'
#8 Avengers (1998)
- 'Nekra to Quoi'#10
- 'Shadowoman to Tara'
Avengers: The Initiative (2007)
#1 Avengers/JLA (2003)
- 'Happy Accidents'#2
- 'Hero Moment'#5
- 'Secret Weapons'#8
- 'Killed In Action Part 1 Of 4: Snafu'#10
- 'Killed In Action Part 3 Of 4: Confirmed Kills'#11
- 'Killed In Action Part 4 of 4: Worst Case Scenario'#12
- 'Changing Of The Guard'
#4 Black Panther (1998)
- 'The Brave...and the Bold'
#35 Black Panther (2005)
- 'Noted Sword'
#25 Captain America (1968)
- 'War Crimes, Part Three: Thunder and Lightning'
#268 Captain America (1998)
- 'Peace on Earth -- Good Will to Man'#315
- 'The Hard Sell'
Captain America: Red, White & Blue (2002)
Civil War (2006)
#1 Civil War: Battle Damage Report (2007)
- 'Civil War, Part One of Seven'#1 (2nd Printing - Steve McNiven Cover)
- 'Civil War, Part One of Seven'#1 (Michael Turner Aspen Comics Exclusive Cover)
- 'Civil War, Part One of Seven'#1 Director's Cut (Director's Cut)
- 'Civil War, Part One of Seven'#4
- 'Civil War, Part Four of Seven'#4 (Michael Turner Sketch Cover)
- 'Civil War, Part Four of Seven'#5
- 'Civil War, Part Five of Seven'#5 (Michael Turner Sketch Cover)
- 'Civil War, Part Five of Seven'#6
- 'Civil War, Part Six of Seven'#7
- 'Civil War, Part Seven of Seven'
Civil War: Front Line (2006)
#6 Daredevil (1964)
- 'Embedded: Part Six'
#62 Daredevil (2011)
- 'Quoth The Nighthawk, "Nevermore!"'
#1 Doctor Strange (1974)
- 'Once More, The End of the World...'#2
- 'The Curse'#3
- 'The Armies of the Slain'#4
- 'Ride of the Valkyrie'#5
- 'Rumble in the Sky'#7
- 'Fire Above, Thunder Below'#9
- 'While You Were Out...!'#10
- 'Head To Head'#11
- 'Silent But Deadly'
Doctor Strange (2018)
Essential Punisher (2004)
Fantastic Four (1961)
Fantastic Four Roast (1982)
#1 Fear Itself: Fearsome Four (2011)
- 'When Titans Chuckle!'
#1 Fearless Defenders (2013)
- 'Part One: Fight Fear with Fear'#2
- 'Part Two: Stranger Bedfellows'#3
- 'Part Three: Overcome'#4
- 'Part Four: The Only Thing We Have to Fear Is...'
Fun and Games Magazine (1979)
Giant-Size Defenders (1974)
#2 Kiss Classics (1995)
- 'H...as in Hulk...Hell...and Holocaust!'#3
- 'Games Godlings Play!'#4
- 'Too Cold a Night For Dying!'#5
- 'Eelar Moves in Mysterious Ways!'
Marvel 75th Anniversary Omnibus (2014)
HC Marvel Age (1983)
- 'Marvel 75th Anniversary Omnibus'
Marvel Comics Presents (1988)
#50 Marvel Comics Super Special (1977)
- 'Breaking Point/A Family Affair/I Just Flew in From Poughkeepsie/You Can't Go Home Again'#50 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'Breaking Point/A Family Affair/I Just Flew in From Poughkeepsie/You Can't Go Home Again'
Marvel Encyclopedia (2014)
Marvel Fanfare (1982)
Marvel Graphic Novel (1982)
#1 Marvel Super Action (1977)
- 'The Death of Captain Marvel'
#31 Marvel Super Hero Contest of Champions (1982)
- 'When Strikes the Squadron Sinister!'
#1 Marvel Team-Up (1972)
- 'A Gathering of Heroes! Chapter 1'
Marvel Team-Up (2004)
#25 Marvel Two-In-One (1974)
- 'Titannus Lives Part 2'
#34 Marvel Universe: The End (2003)
- 'A Monster Walks Amongst Us!'
Michael Wm. Kaluta Sketchbook Series (2012)
Ms. Marvel (2006)
#14 New Avengers (2010)
- 'The Deal Part 2 Of 2'
New Thunderbolts (2005)
#15 Nighthawk (1998)
- 'Does Anyone Remember The Squadron Sinister?'#16
- 'Supreme Power!'#17
- 'Bad Blood'#18
- 'The Whole Hole'
#1 Nova Classic (2013)
- 'Snake Eyes'#3
- '101 Damnations'
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2008)
Power Man (1974)
#22 Secret Avengers (2010)
- 'The Broadway Mayhem of 1974'
#5 She-Hulk (2005)
- 'Secret Histories Epilogue The Secret Life Of Max Fury'
Silver Surfer (1987)
Tales to Astonish (1979)
#13 The Amazing Spider-Man (1963)
- 'Death, Thou Shalt Die!'
Annual 15 The Avengers (1963)
- 'Spider-Man: Threat or Menace?'#538
- 'The War at Home, Part 7 of 7'
Annual 11 The Defenders (1972)
- 'In Honor's Name!'Annual 16
- 'The Day Death Died!'#69
- 'Let The Game Begin'#70
- 'When Strikes The Squadron Sinister!'#71
- 'Tomorrow Dies Today!'#175
- 'The End... and the Beginning!'#341
- 'Rage Of Angels'#684
- 'No Surrender'#687
- 'No Surrender'
Annual 01 The Incredible Hulk (1968)
- 'World Gone Sane?'#12
- 'The Titan Strikes Back!'#13
- 'For Sale: One Planet -- Slightly Used!'#14
- 'And Who Shall Inherit the Earth?'#15
- 'Panic Beneath the Earth!'#16
- 'Alpha, The Ultimate Mutant!'#17
- 'Power Play!'#18
- 'The Woman She Was...!'#21
- 'Enter: The Headmen!'#22
- 'Fangs of Fire and Blood!'#23
- '...The Snakes Shall Inherit the Earth!'#24
- '-- In the Jaws of the Serpent!'#25
- 'The Serpent Sheds Its Skin'#26
- 'Savage Time!'#27
- 'Three Worlds to Conquer!'#28
- 'My Mother, the Badoon!'#29
- 'Let My Planet Go!'#30
- 'Gold Diggers of Fear!'#31
- 'Nighthawk's Brain!'#32
- 'Musical Minds!'#33
- 'Webbed Hands, Warm Heart!'#34
- 'I Think We're All Bozos In This Book!'#35
- 'Bring Back My Body To Me, To Me...!'#36
- 'A Garden of Earthly Demise!'#37
- 'Evil in Bloom!'#38
- 'Exile to Oblivion!'#39
- 'Riot In Cellblock 12!'#40
- 'Love, Anarchy and, Oh Yes... The Assassin!'#41
- 'Intrude in the Sand!'#42
- 'And In This Corner: The New Emissaries of Evil!'#43
- 'This World Is Mine!'#44
- 'Rage of the Rajah!'#45
- 'We Must Free The Defenders!'#46
- 'Prelude: Who Remembers Scorpio?'#47
- 'Night Moves!'#48
- 'Part One: Sinister Savior!'#49
- 'Part Two: Rampage'#50
- 'Part Three: Scorpio Must Die!'#51
- 'A Round With the Ringer!'#52
- 'Defender of the Realm!'#53
- 'The Prince and the Presence!'#54
- 'A Study in Survival!'#55
- 'Emotion, Ego... and Empty Expectations!'#56
- 'Val's New York Adventure!'#57
- 'And Along Came... Ms. Marvel!'#59
- 'Part 2: Tyranny and Mutation'#60
- 'Part 3: The Revenge of Vera Gemini!'#61
- 'Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Lunatik!'#62
- 'Membership Madness!'#63
- 'Deadlier By the Dozen!'#63 (Whitman variant)
- 'Deadlier By the Dozen!'#64
- 'Of Ambitions and Giant Amoebas'#67
- 'We, the Unliving...'#68
- 'Valhalla Can Wait!'#69
- 'The Anything Man!'#70
- 'Catch a Falling Lunatik!'#71
- 'Stranger & Stranger in a Strange Land'#72
- 'Up From the Sky!'#73
- 'Of Wizards, Shadows & Kings'#74
- 'Fools Rush In!'#75
- 'Poetic Justice'#76
- 'Little Triggers!'#78
- 'The Return of the Original Defenders!'#79
- 'Chains of Love!'#80
- 'Once a Defender'#81
- 'War in Ogeon!'#83
- 'End of the Tunnel'#84
- 'Battle Royal!'#84 (Whitman Publishing Variant)
- 'Battle Royal!'#85
- 'Like a Proud Black Panther...'#86
- 'The Left Hand of Silence!'#87
- 'Lord of the Whales'#89
- 'A Death in the Family!'#90
- 'Mind Over Mandrill!'#91
- 'Defiance'#91 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'The Woman Behind the Man!'#95
- 'The Vampire Strikes Back!'#96
- 'The Rock and Roll Conspiracy!'#96 (Whitman Publishing Variant)
- 'The Rock and Roll Conspiracy!'#97
- 'Slouching Toward Bethlehem'#98
- 'The Hand Closes!'#99
- 'The Final Conflict?'#99 (Whitman Publishing Variant)
- 'The Final Conflict?'#100
- 'Hell on Earth!'#101
- 'Mind Games!'#103
- 'The Haunting of Christiansboro!'#104
- 'Yesterday Never Dies!'#106
- 'The War to End All Wars!'#114
- 'Dance of Darkness/Dance of Light!'#119
- 'Ashes, Ashes... We All Fall Down!'
#206 The Last Defenders (2008)
- 'A Man-Brute Berserk!'#207
- 'Alone Against the Defenders!'#234
- 'Battleground: Berkeley!'#243
- 'Death -- And Destiny!'
#1 The Marvel Encyclopedia (2006)
- 'Destiny Falls'#2
- 'The Breaks'#3
- 'The Movement You Need'#4
- 'What Means Everything'#5
- 'Old Ghosts'#6
- 'Violent Evolution'
HC The Mighty Avengers (2007)
- 'The Marvel Encyclopedia'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
#3 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1989)
- 'C-D: From The Collector to Dracula'
#2 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
- 'Champion of the Universe to Ecstasy'
#18 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
- 'Book of the Dead (Hyperion to Nighthawk)'
The Order (2002)
#1 The Savage She-Hulk (1980)
- 'The Best Defense...'#2
- 'It's Our World'#3
- 'Ultimatum: Avengers !'#4
- 'Norrin's Rib'#5
- 'Blinded By Science'#6
- 'Out Of Order'
The Sensational She-Hulk (1989)
#53 The Thing (2006)
- 'Death Becomes Her'
#1 Thor (1966)
- 'Fun 'N' Games, Part 1: Money Changes Everything'#2
- 'Fun 'N' Games, Part 2: Abusement Park'#3
- 'Fun 'N' Games, Part 3: Playing For Keeps'#8
- 'Last Hand'
#57 Vengeance (2011)
- 'Storm Clouds Gathering'#58
- 'Degrees of Evil'#100
- 'The War At Home'#101
- 'Why Ask Why?'#102
- 'Swimming With Sharks'#106
- 'Power Hungry'
#1 West Coast Avengers (1985)
- 'Broken Eggs'#2
- 'World on Fire'#3
- 'Every Little Thing'#4
- 'Drive All Night'#5
- 'The Twelfth Hour'#6
- 'Faith and Deception'
What If? Annihilation (2008)
What If? Civil War (2008)
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow (1998)
Defenders (Marvel)(01 - Original Team)
Legion of the Unliving (Marvel)(01)
Supreme Power (Squadron Sinister)
Thunderbolts (Marvel)(01 - Original Team)
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